IMG 2859

The main aim of the cluster approach is to established small medium enterprises (SMEs) for local communities and socio-economic growth of rural families. CAP has adopted a cluster approach for the development of aromatic crops as per agro-climatic zones in Uttarakhand. In the cluster approach, 3-4 aromatic crops are selected to provide herbs for distillation units throughout the year and harvesting calendar is drawn in such a manner that crop has different harvesting period. The distillation unit in a cluster should be established in a radius of 5-6 km to minimize losses due to transportation.

Aroma cluster should have a group of farmers not less than five in numbers and the cluster area should be not less than 2.5 hectares. This cluster approach has been introduced first time in the year 2003 at village Rajawala, Dehradun. Total of 3249 farmers have been motivated and engaged in aromatic crops cultivation, covering an area of 839.74 ha. during the year 2018-19. The average per year production of and aromatic oil including D. Rose water is 6607 Q. and for herbs it's 10025 q.

MGNREGA: There has been a dovetailing with MGNREGA programme since the year 2017-18. With this dovetailing CAP is developing barren land of farmers for cultivation of aromatic plants. National Rural Employment Guarantee Act 2005 is providing 100 days employment to farmers for preparing, beading etc. on their barren land and converting it into the additional source of income. In the year 2018-19, about 226.67 hectare lands of 24 blocks have been brought under the cultivation of aromatic crops (Lemongrass, Damask Rose and Cinnamon) under dovetailing with MGNREGA.

Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY): Under the 'Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY)' scheme CAP is facilitating farmers for cultivation of aromatic organic crop in four districts Chamoli, Nainital, Haridwar and Pauri. Development of 45 Aroma cluster in 900 hectare is being targeted under PKVY. The major crops are Lemongrass, Damask Rose and Cinnamon.


Uttarakhand has various agro-climatic conditions which provide a number of opportunities to cultivate different types of crops belonging to the sub-tropical, temperate and sub-alpine zones. This has made possible introduction, domestication and successful cultivation of numerous aromatic crops as under:

Aromatic Grasses: Aromatic grasses (Lemongrass, Palmarosa, Citronella, Khus) are being cultivated in various clusters, i.e. Jaiharikhal, Ghatudhad, Dhumakot- Nainidanda, Kot, Peeda, Paabo, Dikhet, Raisera, Kaljikhal of district Pauri, Kalsi, Bhadogi, Vikasnagar, Selaqui, Ranipokhri, Rajawala, Kothda-Nahad, Dudhaie, Maldevta-PPCL of Dehradun, Telpura, Bhagwanpur, Narsan, Khanpur of Haridwar, Ramnagar, Kamalwaganja, Kamolaof Nainital, Deghat (Almora) Mundala (Tehri), Mohri (Uttarkashi). 866 farmers are engaged from 198 ha. area has been cultivated and 223 Qt. oil of aromatic grasses were produced and sold in the domestic market by the farmers in 2018-1

Chamomile: Chamomile, a high value aromatic crop is being successfully cultivated in Kot, Pauri, Jaiharikhal, Dikhet of district Pauri, Chakrata, Kalsi, Vikasnagar, Selaqui, Ranipokhri of district Dehradun, Kamalwaganja, Kamola, Betalghat, Sundarkhal, Ramgarh, Raipur of district Nainital, Kausani, Garud of district Bageshwar, Thapla, Lohana of district Almora, Sikroda, Bhagwanpur clusters of Haridwar, Kashipur of Uddham Singh Nagar, Fartiyal Gaon, Forti of district Champawat, Narayan Ashram (Pithoragarh) and Merang (Chamoli).16 ha. area has been brought under cultivation with the engaging 60 farmers during the years 2018-19,

Mint: 862 farmers were engaged in more than 460.02 ha of land has been brought out under Japanese mint and Peppermint cultivation and the total production was 553.1 Q. of essential oil in various clusters of district US Nagar and Haridwar.

Damask rose: Being a high value crop some farmers are taking keen interest in growing Damask rose as a major crop in different clusters of Chamoli, Tehri, Rudraprayag, Uttarkashi, Dehradun, Pithoragarh, Nainital, Bageshwar, Almora It is being cultivated by 378 farmers, covering about 44.97 ha area in the clusters Parsari, Merang, Tapowan, Joshimath of district Chamoli, Anjanisain, Manjadi, Devka of district Tehri, Gaidgaon, Mansoona of district Rudraprayag, Kot, Khandusain, Jaiharikhal of district Pauri, Jaadi, Vikasnagar, Ranipokhri of district Dehradun, Betalghat, Sundarkhal, Ramgarh, Raipur of district Nainital, Kausani, Garud of district Bageshwar and Thapla, Lohana of district Almora etc. In most of the clusters the farmers are growing damask rose as boundary crop. During 2018-19, approx. 276 Qt. damask rose water has been produced and marketed in local market with the help of CAP, Selaqui.

Cinnamon (Tejpat): Cinnamon is being cultivated in the clusters Kot, Khandusain, Jaiharikhal of district Bhimtal, Okhalkanda, Jyolikot, Dogda, Kamola, Betalghat, Sundarkhal, Ramgarh of district Nainital, Pauri, Kalsi, Vikasnagar, Ranipokhri of district Dehradun, Thal (Pithoragarh) and Manjaadi (Tehri). 4938 Qt. leaves of Cinnamon has been  produced by 1045 new farmers/ growers in the area of 96.36 ha. during the years 2018-19.